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Exemplarité et paradoxes du parcours d'August Haußleiter (1905-1989) dans l'Allemagne du XXe siècle

Abstract : This PHD thesis examines the career of German politician August Haußleiter (1905-1989). Haußleiter, born the son of a pastor and raised in a rural environment in Bavaria, came into contact with the National Socialist movement, though he did not join the Nazi party. After working as a journalist for the Fränkischer Kurier, he became a military propagandist of the Wehrmacht. In the post-war period, Haußleiter devoted himself to politics. He first served as a deputy of the Christian Social Union (1946-1949), then developed a new antidemocratic and national-neutralist political party, the German Community. This party defined itself in opposition to the democratic model of the German Federal Republic. Haußleiter rejected the West German policies towards the German Democratic Republic and pleaded in favour of a united and neutral Germany. In doing so, Haußleiter was one of the voices of a very heterogenous neutralist environment, with varying degrees of opposition to the occidental model. In the context of the liberalisation of Western German society in the 1960s, Haußleiter attempted to become the parliamentary representation of the German Extra-Parliamentary Opposition inside the Action Community for an Independent Germany, which he had joined in 1965. Against a backdrop of increased awareness around the link between economic growth and environmental problems in the 1970s, Haußleiter participated in the electoral green movement and party. This political biography highlights the non-linear progression of an individual career that breaks down the barriers between the traditional political categories of right and left and raises the question of ideas, actors, structures, moments and places working as ties between different political engagements. Spanning the 40 years of German separation, the political career of Haußleiter reflects the evolutions of the 'German question' from the post-war ruins to the turn of 1989/1990 and questions the main changes in West German political culture until the country’s reunification
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 7, 2019 - 3:35:17 PM
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Annette Lensing. Exemplarité et paradoxes du parcours d'August Haußleiter (1905-1989) dans l'Allemagne du XXe siècle. Histoire. Université de Lorraine; Freie Universität (Berlin), 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017LORR0252⟩. ⟨tel-02060718⟩



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