Étude théorique de la faisabilité des LED à base de ZnGeN2

Abstract : Nitride LEDs development presents significant scientific and societal issues. The aim is to get low-cost, high efficiency LEDs with accurate color-rending (typically the Color Rending Index has to be higher than 90). Due to their large band gap (from 0.8 to 6.2 eV), III-N materials, as GaN and alloys, are still used for LEDs development. Nevertheless, they present several huge limitations mainly due to the evolution of InGaN properties for higher Indium concentrations. Strain and polarization effects affect then the LED quality through the reduction of the spontaneous emission. New high-performance devices require the development of new materials and the introduction of ZnGeN2 layers could be an alternative solution. We report here on a new green and red-emitting light emitting device (LED) architecture containing only 16% of indium. The structure is based on the use of a new type-II ZnGeN2/In0.16Ga0.84N quantum well. Type II InGaN-ZnGeN2 quantum wells (QWs) were proposed for the improvement of efficiency in active regions and realizing then devices operating in a large wavelength range from UV to IR. The zinc germanium nitride (ZnGeN2) is a new promising semiconductor for optoelectronic devices such as LED or photovoltaic cells due to its large, direct, and adjustable band gap, most particularly considered to overcome the green-gap issue in LED technology. ZnGeN2 derives from the III-nitride elements by replacing the III-group alternatively by a group II (Zn) and a group IV (Ge). Both the energy band gap and the lattice parameters of ZnGeN2 are very close to those of GaN. The crystallographic organizations are similar and the recently predicted large band offset between GaN and ZnGeN2 allows the formation of a type-II InGaN-ZnGeN2 heterostructure. Studies of ZnGeN2 based quantum well behaviors are scarce and no information on the overall electro-optical operation of such LED is available. We simulate here with SILVACO/ATLAS the complete behavior of a green and red LED structures in which the active region is a type-II ZnGeN2/In0.16Ga0.84N quantum well. A thin AlGaN layer is used as a barrier for a better carrier confinement. The position and the thickness of the ZnGeN2 layer are parameters used to examine the luminous and electrical behavior as well as the external quantum efficiency of this LED compared to a standard InGaN-based LED emitting at the same wavelength. Inserting a ZnGeN2 layer in a conventional type-I InGaN QW structure yields significant modifications. The strong confinement of holes in the ZnGeN2 layer allows the use of a lower In-content InGaN QW with uniform In content. We demonstrate a significant enhancement of the spontaneous emission and the possibility to reach both a better quantum efficiency and light output when using the type-II structure. The self-consistent 6-band k.p method is used to perform the band structure calculations, which consider the effect of strain, the valence band mixing, and the spontaneous and piezoelectric polarizations
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Mélanie Rolles. Étude théorique de la faisabilité des LED à base de ZnGeN2. Physique [physics]. Université de Lorraine, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018LORR0206⟩. ⟨tel-02079773⟩

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