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Jardin de l’Empire et clef de la monarchie universelle : l’Italie au cœur du projet de Mercurino Gattinara

Abstract : Mercurino Arborio di Gattinara (1465-1530) is a Piedmontese statesman and cardinal of the early sixteenth century. He entered the service of Margaret of Austria, Duchess of Savoy, then his father, Emperor Maximilian I of Habsburg, and became faithful to this family he serves as a lawyer, adviser and diplomat. In 1518, he became the grand chancellor of all the territories that Charles V united under his authority. Responsible for administering a European empire, mosaic of kingdoms and divided principalities, Gattinara nourishes his action by developing the idea of a universal monarchy, directly inspired by the Roman Empire, of which the Habsburg would be the single monarch, the pastor entrusted by God to guarantee peace in Europe and to defend the Christian republic. He placed Italy at its heart, as "garden of the Empire". So, myth or reality? Simple rhetoric or real politics? This thesis aims to show two things. On the one hand that the Empire is not only a ghost that resurfaced with the advent of Charles V, but that it is still deeply rooted in the Italian realities and that Gattinara was able to rely on the springs that he offered to set up his policy. On the other hand, the Chancellor's universal monarchy is not only pure rhetoric, intended to provide the Habsburg Empire with propaganda and a common ideology, but it must also be fulfilled because it was part of a Divine pattern much wider. The project of Gattinara does not have as a framework only the empire of Charles V, it takes place in the conception of a history and a vision of the world ordained by God and in which each one is destined to take the role which has been entrusted to him.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, January 14, 2020 - 11:46:08 AM
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Quentin Jouaville. Jardin de l’Empire et clef de la monarchie universelle : l’Italie au cœur du projet de Mercurino Gattinara. Histoire. Université de Lorraine; Université de Liège, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018LORR0215⟩. ⟨tel-02088154⟩



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