ZnSnN2 thin films for photovoltaic applications

Abstract : Zinc tin nitride (ZnSnN2) thin films have been deposited by reactive magnetron co-sputtering at room temperature. The stoichiometry of the films has been controlled by optimizing the deposition conditions such as the voltage applied to the metallic targets, the deposition pressure and the composition of the gas mixture. By using the optimized parameters, the deposited films are highly crystallized on the different used substrates. A special attention has been devoted to the determination of the film structure. Among the various structures reported in the literature, we have shown by transmission electron microscopy that the films crystallised in a hexagonal structure. Nevertheless, the structure of our films does not fit with that reported in the literature for the hexagonal ZnSnN2 material. In addition to this structural study, we have performed fine characterization using conversion electron Mossbauer spectrometry and X-ray photoemission spectroscopy. Both methods show that the optimized films contain Sn4+ ions in tetrahedral configuration. Nevertheless, oxygen contamination at the column boundaries has been evidenced. The electrical and optical properties of the films have been determined has a function of the film composition. The results obtained in this PhD work clearly evidence that ZnSnN2 is a suitable material for photovoltaic applications.
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Fahad Alnjiman. ZnSnN2 thin films for photovoltaic applications. Materials Science [cond-mat.mtrl-sci]. Université de Lorraine, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018LORR0296⟩. ⟨tel-02109767⟩

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