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Le marché de la terreur : l’exportation, la traduction et la réception critique du roman terrifiant en France, 1789-1822

Abstract : Our thesis deals with the export, translation and critical reception of the Gothic novel in France at the turn of the nineteenth century (1789-1822). While politically, France and England maintain conflictual relations, especially at the time of the Revolution, the cultural exchange between the two countries never ceased, as evidenced by the success of French translations of Gothic novels. After a foreword devoted to the history of the adjective "Gothic" and the terminology relating to the Gothic novel and the “roman noir” at the turn of the nineteenth century, the first part of the thesis addresses the historical, political and literary context during the apex of the novel of terror. We then seek to determine the identity of translators, their political implications within the context of the French Revolution and the type of Gothic novel in vogue during the First Republic. The second part of the thesis is devoted to the process of adaptation of the Gothic novel to French language and readership of the turn of the nineteenth century. We look at the strategies of translation, adaptation and publication of the Gothic novel in French language through the analysis of the criteria of editorial choices and methods of translation. For these purposes, we focus on the novels themselves in terms of physical description (format and volumes) and paratext (elements of the title page, epigraphs, dedications, prefaces and illustrations). This second part ends with a comparative study centered on the translation process and more particularly on the cultural and political appropriation of the themes of architecture and the supernatural within Gothic novels. Finally, in the third and last part of the thesis, we seek to determine the influence of the Gothic novel on the French literary production. We first take into consideration pseudo-translations and imitations of the figurehead of English Gothic, Ann Radcliffe, before focusing on parodies of the genre.
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Fanny Lacôte. Le marché de la terreur : l’exportation, la traduction et la réception critique du roman terrifiant en France, 1789-1822. Littératures. Université de Lorraine; University of Stirling, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018LORR0308⟩. ⟨tel-02140614⟩



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