La réalisation matérielle du "Französisches Etymologisches Wörterbuch" : impact de la mise en forme typographique sur le développement d'un projet lexicographique

Abstract : The etymological dictionary of the French language by Walther von Wartburg, entitled Französisches Etymologisches Wörterbuch (FEW), is being digitalized. Its 25 volumes spread over 16,000 pages are currently being typed and tagged with semantical XML language using a series of algorithms, in order to create a computerized FEW, able to interact with several external resources. However, the encoding and the display of the data requires appropriate fonts to typeset the whole dictionary, including a series of specific characters for phonetic transcriptions.The purpose of this thesis is to study the material realization of the FEW, and more specifically its typography, starting from the publication of the first articles in 1922 up to their current circulation as an exclusively digital content. The study is based on an analysis of the evolution of the dictionary's layout, taking into account lexicographical but also technical changes. This analysis is completed by a study of a selection of other dictionaries whose typesetting is remarkable. This thesis hence contributes to highlighting the extent to which the FEW is a unique lexicographic object.The concrete result of this thesis consists in a typeface family tailored to the needs of FEW users. These fonts are implemented in two interfaces: the first one is used by FEW editors to structure and write new articles, the second one enables users to consult and interact with the database of the computerized FEW.The result of a collaboration between linguists, computer scientists and designers, this thesis proposes a new model for integrating typographic design within digital humanities
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Sarah Kremer. La réalisation matérielle du "Französisches Etymologisches Wörterbuch" : impact de la mise en forme typographique sur le développement d'un projet lexicographique. Linguistique. Université de Lorraine, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018LORR0316⟩. ⟨tel-02142112⟩

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