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Le culte des sources dans la Cité gallo-romaine des Leuques

Abstract : Classical and Christian literature frequently refer to the worship of springs in the graeco-roman world. It seemed of interest to ascertain the veracity of these accounts through a study of the City of the Leci about which literary texts are conspicuously silent. Collected documentary evidence in the form of iconography and epigraphs, irrefutable evidence of the past, is scarce since the worship of water sources was basically an outdoor cult not involving permanent structures. Archeological evidence has proved difficult to interpret since the presence of ritual apparatus near a spring does not necessarily prove the existence of a cult. This study notes, however, all the listed sites and classes them according to the amount of evidence found, as only archeological excavations carried out with today's scientific precision could prove or refute its hypotheses. To these places presumed sacred have been added those springs known only through Christian tradition where religious practises were seemingly inherited from paganism. After the drawing up of these groups came the study of those divinities identified as healers : Apollo and Mercury, Sirona and Rosmerta ; then the divinities with secondary healing functions : Diana or Dianas, Themmother-Goddesses, then Junos, Neptne and finally, Hercules. Unfortunately, the dedication of many springs remains ananymous. It seems established that in the City of the Leci, the cult of springs flourished and expressed itself in a variety of ways. Its practises seem identical to those observed in other areas of the Empire, the most northern ones in particular. These rites had penetrated far enough into intellectual and cultural attitudes for local populations to have perpetuated them in the Christian tradition.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, October 16, 2019 - 5:29:22 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-02318247, version 1



Marie-Dominique Poncin. Le culte des sources dans la Cité gallo-romaine des Leuques. Histoire. Université Nancy 2, 1986. Français. ⟨NNT : 1986NAN21007⟩. ⟨tel-02318247⟩



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