Coventry Patmore, poète de l'amour conjugal (1823-1896) : célébration et ontologie de la nuptialité

Abstract : From poems, 1844 to the unknown eros (1868-1879) through the angel in the house (1854-1864), patmore reveals himself as a poet of conjugal love. The central theme is the love of man and woman as a revelation of "this first first-love of all", the creator and life-giver of all things. The celebration of this love involves the awesome and jubilant discovery of the correspondences between human and divine love, in so far as the temptation of narcissistic parody inherent in any human first-love has been overcome. In this respect, the angel is the signifier of a threefold reality and function : the angel is the predestinated woman, the beatrician figure, heralding for man a mystery of transformation and transfiguration ; the angel is the earthly couple, the precursor of heavenly man (the swedenborgian homo), so long as it submits to the narrow mode of the incarnate condition ; the angel, in so far as it bodies forth true man (the biblical duo in unum) is mankind after the image of the trinitarian god. Here the figure of psyche, being a figure of metamorphosis, appears as a complementary signifier in addition to the sacramental figure of the angel. Through these figures human destinies find axpression in dated yet "expressional" incarnate forms. For love is at once genesis and manifestation of the singular self of each spouse, of the "either self" which man and wife constitute and of the divine being as symbolised through their communion. The other aspect of the experience of love is the discovery of otherness : the otherness of the human spouse and the otherness of the divine spouse. The spousal relationship that constitutes the communion of the alter egoes and the communion between the "husband of the heaven" and his earthly spouse comes into being only through the experience of death in its phases of alteration and alienation. In its ultimate form, patmore's poetic meditation is the final expression of the mystical journey of the soul through its threefold stages : purification, illumination and union
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http://docnum.univ-lorraine.fr/prive/BUL_T_1987_0004_MONTABRUT_MAURICE_1.pdf ; http://docnum.univ-lorraine.fr/prive/BUL_T_1987_0004_MONTABRUT_MAURICE_2.pdf ; http://docnum.univ-lorraine.fr/prive/BUL_T_1987_0004_MONTABRUT_MAURICE_3.pdf
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Maurice Montabrut. Coventry Patmore, poète de l'amour conjugal (1823-1896) : célébration et ontologie de la nuptialité. Littératures. Université Nancy 2, 1987. Français. ⟨NNT : 1987NAN21004⟩. ⟨tel-02318658⟩

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