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Elimination des acides humiques presents dans les eaux par adsorption et/ou photocatalyse

Abstract : Water resources are threatened by various forms of pollution and the proposed treatment processes are often complex with results that are not always satisfactory. This study aims to develop a simple and inexpensive treatment to minimize the presence of humic acids (HA), an organic pollutant, in water. The approach adopted is the establishment of a hybrid process combining adsorption and heterogeneous photocatalysis performed with titanium dioxide. The adsorption method was carried out primary with activated carbon and secondary with three clays from Ivory Coast. Activated carbon was prepared from coconut shell by a simplified procedure, without chemical additives, in order to obtain an economic and ecological adsorbent. The three raw clays (Dabou, Yamoussoukro and Katiola) each underwent purification operations to obtain pure fractions. Characterization tests including various techniques (elemental analysis, XRD, nitrogen adsorption, IR, etc.) were carried out on the adsorbents obtained. Adsorption tests carried out with the coal showed that no elimination of HA was observed. The main reason is the lack of functional groups on the surface of the prepared coal. The adsorption tests conducted with the clays have shown that these materials are capable of removing HA. The results revealed that the clay richest in kaolinite (Yamoussoukro) has a much higher maximum adsorption capacity (115 mg/g) compared to the others (20 and 15 mg/g for Dabou and Katiola respectively). This difference found its explanation in the mineralogical and structural composition of each of the clays. Photocatalysis tests showed a degradation of the macromolecules of HA into smaller sizes compounds. The mineralization of the organic matter was observed with total organic carbon reduction rate equal to 72 and 82% at pH 7 and 3 respectively. By placing in series the two processes namely adsorption followed by photocatalysis, the removal percentage of HA obtained at pH 3, is about 95%. This hybrid process shows an advantage since it makes it possible to eliminate almost all of the initial organic pollution.
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Soumahoro Gueu. Elimination des acides humiques presents dans les eaux par adsorption et/ou photocatalyse. Chimie. Université de Lorraine; Institut National Polytechnique Félix Houphouët-Boigny, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019LORR0043⟩. ⟨tel-02327873⟩

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