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Caractérisation RMN de matériaux hybrides pour l’encapsulation de principes actifs

Abstract : Nowadays, a way of developing novel medicinal compounds focuses on confinement of known active molecules inside nanoparticles. Therefore, hybrid materials emerge, exhibiting new properties related to nano-confinement. This work relies on the sensibility of solid-state Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (SS-NMR) towards molecular scale phenomena in order to perform structural and dynamical analysis of two delivery systems. They are modulated by the influence of residual solvent molecules (H2O). Temperature and hydration ranges are identified, for which the complex stays associated, although it is in a liquid-like state. Toward the limit of water absence, movement restrictions of the confined complexes are elucidated by characterizing dipolar host / guest interactions. The second system combines a double vectorization of hydrophobic curcumin molecules inside solid lipid nanoparticles, encapsulated inside a silica matrix (SBA-15). A joint SS-NMR and Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) characterization strategy is put in place. The results show that other factors than compartmentalization (polymorphism, molecular dynamics of host compounds) should also be taken into account to understand the properties of these very heterogeneous materials. Despite resorting to the latest NMR instrumentation (1GHz spectrometer, 1.3mm MAS probehead), presence of the active ingredient is only detected inside the surfactant compartment. These results allow making new assumptions for the distribution of curcumin inside the material while showing the limits of an NMR approach relying solely on the study of 1H nuclei.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/tel-02393687
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Fabien Deligey. Caractérisation RMN de matériaux hybrides pour l’encapsulation de principes actifs. Chimie analytique. Université de Lorraine, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019LORR0093⟩. ⟨tel-02393687⟩

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