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Study on the multiphase flows and interfacial phenomena at multiscale

Abstract : Multiphase flows and interfacial phenomena are widely involved in the natural world, our daily life, and numerous industrial processes. By employing three different techniques including a high-speed camera, an ultra-high-speed Direct Current (DC) electrical device, and a high-speed micro-Particle Image Velocimetry (micro-PIV), the multiphase flows and interfacial phenomena at multiscale were investigated experimentally by both passive and active methods. The flow behaviors of the elastic non-Newtonian two-phase flow in both T-junction and flow-focusing devices were investigated. The fluid elasticity affected the dynamics of droplet formation, stretching and breakup. During the droplet formation, the peculiar beads-on-string flow was observed. The influences of the fluid elasticity on the minimum neck width, the maximum length of the dispersed thread and the droplet size were studied. The predicting models for the droplet size were optimized by introducing the dimensionless parameters to characterize the fluid elasticity. For the stretching and breakup of elastic droplets, the influences of elasticity on the transition from droplet stretching to breakup, the dynamics of droplet stretching and breakup as well as the size ratio of the daughter droplets were also investigated. The power-law models were proposed to predict the maximum stretching length. Subsequently, the initial coalescence of a pendant drop at a liquid surface and the initial spreading on a solid surface were investigated. The ultra-high-speed DC electrical device with the sampling speed of 1.25×106 Hz allows to monitoring the dynamics of coalescence and spreading within 10 µs. The coalescing width expands linearly with time in the inertially limited viscous regime and follows a power law in the inertial regime. The evolutions of the velocity fields during the initial coalescence and spreading were measured and computed by the high-speed micro-PIV with a capturing rate up to 5000 velocity fields per second, revealing the transformation of surface energy to kinetic energy. Besides, the consecutive electrical peaks with a regular interval of 20 ms were observed during the filament thinning of the polymer liquid neck. In addition, the active manipulation of the ferrofluid drop was realized by introducing an external magnetic field. Evident deformations of both the pendant ferrofluid drop and the bulk surface were observed prior to the contact even in the absence of a magnetic field. The exponential laws were proposed to predict the increasing coalescing width with time and the decreasing maximum coalescing width with the magnetic field. A high-speed micro-PIV technique was employed with a transparent model fluid to reveal the flow fields during the ferrofluid drop coalescence. The self-sustained coalescence-breakup cycles of ferrofluid drops were observed for the first time. The exponential model was proposed to predict the increasing periodic frequency with the applied magnetic field.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/tel-02998745
Contributor : Thèses Ul <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, November 10, 2020 - 4:16:18 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 11, 2020 - 3:29:12 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-02998745, version 1

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Qindan Zhang. Study on the multiphase flows and interfacial phenomena at multiscale. Chemical and Process Engineering. Université de Lorraine; Université de Tianjin (Chine), 2020. English. ⟨NNT : 2020LORR0110⟩. ⟨tel-02998745⟩

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