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L’influence de la distribution du pouvoir et du contrôle sur les choix stratégiques de l’organisation : une analyse comparative au sein de deux organisations patronales françaises

Abstract : In response to the contextual pressures on employers' organizations, which have grown stronger in recent years, they respond by deploying various strategies to try to control them. In fact, of a political, legislative or even financial nature, the threats lead the employers' organizations to make strategic choices to control their situation of interdependence in a context of change that constrains them. This thesis addresses the influence of the distribution and location of power on the strategic choices of two French employers' organizations facing the same types of threats. It questions, in particular and first, the influence of the environment and changes of context on the distribution of power and control. Second, the influence of the distribution of power and control over strategic choices. Thirdly, the influence of the means of action and the personal motivations of the members and the executive director on the strategic choices. Finally, it proposes to analyze the capacity of employers' organizations to control the constraints of the environment conditioned by the type of strategies employed.For this, qualitative methods were favored and led to the writing of two monographs based on semi-structured interviews, observation sessions and a literature review. In an abductive epistemo-methodological framework, the many iterations between field and theory make it possible to characterize the context of change faced by employers' organizations, to understand the strategies specific to each of the cases deployed in a situation of dependencies resources and understanding of the influence of each of the actors relaxing some of the power within the organization.Indeed, this methodology makes it possible to enlighten the functioning of the French employers organizations and of stakes. Through the description of the context in which they interact, we highlight the constraints they face. The theory of resource dependence allows us to understand how their dependency on resources leads them to adopt particular strategies. In addition, it allows us to understand how the distribution of power and control within the organization strongly influences strategic choices.
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Submitted on : Monday, November 16, 2020 - 3:50:18 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-03007983, version 1

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Laurence Sessa. L’influence de la distribution du pouvoir et du contrôle sur les choix stratégiques de l’organisation : une analyse comparative au sein de deux organisations patronales françaises. Gestion et management. Université de Lorraine, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019LORR0345⟩. ⟨tel-03007983⟩

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