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De la prise en compte des réalités culturelles dans la traduction juridique. Étude conceptuelle contrastive (France et Espagne) de la terminologie pénale

Abstract : This doctoral thesis examines the importance of cultural factors in legal translation. In order to corroborate the relevance of these extralinguistic aspects, we have proposed a contrastive conceptual analysis, based on the criminal terminology taken from the French Code de procédure pénale and its translation into peninsular Spanish. The research carried out for this work resulted in a manuscript consisting of two main parts. The first part is theoretical and the second part, practical. The theoretical part consists of four chapters. In the first chapter, we study the historical context of the concept of law as a cultural phenomenon subject to translation, as well as a tour of the different theoretical approaches applicable to legal translation. The second chapter constitutes a study of the law in the two cultures, French and Spanish, with which we work. It focuses on how these countries organize their legal systems. Regarding the third chapter, we discuss the concept of legal language and the specificities and characteristics of legal texts. We will also pay special attention to the peculiarities of the normative text, since it constitutes the type of text of our reference corpus. Finally, the fourth chapter is devoted to the legal translation itself. We analyze the main problems posed by cultural differences in this activity, as well as the strategies to be followed when dealing with them.The fifth chapter constitutes the practical part of this study. It includes field work: the analysis of criminal terminology based on a contrastive translatological conceptology. To carry out this analysis, we started with a hierarchical classification of legal concepts (supra, macro, micro and nanoconcepts). In this way, it was possible to observe which level cultural asymmetries are manifested and to subsequently apply the strategies referred to in Chapter 4 in order to propose the most appropriate translation possible according to the desired purpose (skopos).Ultimately, our work constitutes research in which we intend to combine the two disciplines which are the subjects of the study of the new juritraductology, law and translation, in a theoretical and applied manner.
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Submitted on : Friday, September 24, 2021 - 11:41:45 AM
Last modification on : Sunday, June 26, 2022 - 3:13:52 AM

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Jorge Valdenebro Sánchez. De la prise en compte des réalités culturelles dans la traduction juridique. Étude conceptuelle contrastive (France et Espagne) de la terminologie pénale. Linguistique. Université de Lorraine, 2021. Français. ⟨NNT : 2021LORR0126⟩. ⟨tel-03353687⟩

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