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Saisir la pratique du chant choral en région lorraine du point de vue de l’expérience : essai d’anthropologie d’une technique artistique

Abstract : This research aims to understand the cultural transmission of this form of art, using the example of the region of Lorraine. It is based on years of participant observation (Malinowski: 1922) among choirs of the region. It offers a “thick description” (Geertz: 1973) of rehearsals and learning situations of singing techniques, in different forms of transmission (such as music schools, parish choir schools, self-managed choirs and large entertainment shows) for a better understanding of the kind of pleasure people find in choir singing and how these amateur musicians take ownership of vocal techniques. Choir singing is a way of playing music in an ensemble. Considering musical practice as a sum of interactions, we used the concept of “service relationship” (Goffman: 1974) to describe how social actors (singers and their conductor, or singers and their singing teacher), interact to make music happen. The first part of this essay presents the cultural landscape of the region and careers of long-time singers. Their long-time path as choir members reveals a network of mutual acquaintances and show us how individuals build their taste for art and find their pleasure. In the second part, we compared different forms of organization where choir singing is practiced and taught, from the most structured (such as public music schools) to the least (such as self-managed choirs), taking into consideration the views of those who teach singing in these organizations or manage them. The third part describes musical interactions which take place in singing classes and rehearsals, from the simplest such as the interaction of a singing teacher and his or her students, to more complex interactions such as rehearsal for musical shows of a hundred or more singers. This part highlights the specific interactions and negotiations of collective interpretation of music and the ability of ordinary people to use their body to cultivate the pleasure of entertainment and share their artistic sensibility with others. On an individual scale, choir singing is a form of art culture and a “culture of self” (Foucault: 1988). Thanks to its good accessibility, choir singing is an instrument of cultural democratization and enables individuals to contribute to the artistic and cultural scene.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, October 27, 2021 - 3:43:14 PM
Last modification on : Friday, September 2, 2022 - 10:49:56 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-03406021, version 1



Valérie Thackeray. Saisir la pratique du chant choral en région lorraine du point de vue de l’expérience : essai d’anthropologie d’une technique artistique. Sociologie. Université de Lorraine, 2021. Français. ⟨NNT : 2021LORR0144⟩. ⟨tel-03406021⟩



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