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Les intellectuels français face aux soubresauts politiques de la République chinoise (1911-1949)

Abstract : Between the 1911 revolution which ended the Qing empire and allowed a Republic to be installed in China to the Communist victory in 1949, China lived a time of political unrest. While the country was trying to present itself as an actor of the international tensions, it had to struggle with intern conflicts such as warlords’ conflicts, the Nanking Republic led by Chiang Kai-shek and then the civil war between nationalists and communists. The sino-japanese war, which began in 1931, added the violence of an international war to these events. During these trouble times, France was seen as an example by young-educated Chinese, who were dreaming of democracy. Thus, the present work tries to uncover what the reactions of the whole French intellectual society (writers, journalists, professors, or missionaries) were about those disruptions. We will need to follow different intellectual careers by exploring their press organs and places of socialization, what might reveal some attitudes of the intellectuals, necessarily changing over the years. This study aims to bring to light the networks of these intellectuals fascinating by China, both inside and outside the country. The words of Chinese, Japanese of Indochinese intellectuals will reveal how intellectual exchanges were productive, at a time when the Communist Party was being structured with difficulty. Our work aims to adopt a transnational perspective, to question the reciprocal representations that irrigate these intercultural exchanges. We will therefore try to illustrate the attitudes and the paths of the French intellectuals toward a changing republican China. This country then offers the opportunity to question the best know definitions of the word, “intellectual”, to observe various forms of engagement or non-engagement for China. The last French intellectuals taking place in those intercultural exchanges left the now communist China, only in 1954. The departure of these people, who were companions of the political disruptions of the Republic of China concludes our work.
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Submitted on : Thursday, January 20, 2022 - 3:21:30 PM
Last modification on : Friday, January 21, 2022 - 4:00:53 AM
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M. Bouchez. Les intellectuels français face aux soubresauts politiques de la République chinoise (1911-1949). Histoire. Université de Lorraine, 2021. Français. ⟨NNT : 2021LORR0161⟩. ⟨tel-03537695⟩



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