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La découverte des lieux de culture pour faciliter l'expression orale : recherche-action avec des adultes migrants en formation linguistique

Abstract : Adult migrants in language training need to acquire sociolanguage skills that are directly useful in daily life. In a short training period, the learning objectives are therefore concrete.As a FLE trainer in a training organization in Lyon, we have set up didactic activities in cultural places which allow us to offer a greater space of speech thus promoting the acquisition of the oral language and the sociolanguage integration. It is sometimes difficult to start speaking in training: the migratory journey and the installation in the host country are difficult stages: physical and mental health problem, precarious housing, adaptation ... social downgrading: unrecognized diplomas, loss of a rewarding job in the country of origin… The fact of not mastering French enough to communicate with natives places migrants in a situation of language insecurity. Fluency in the language seems to be the only tool offering real autonomy in everyday life.Places of culture appeal to cultural preferences (literature, art, etc.) but also to previous experiences, memories, personal culture in a broader sense. In our thesis work, we first hypothesized that cultural discoveries could encourage people to speak out. Then we tried to demonstrate that these speaking engagements could facilitate the acquisition of lexical forms, reusable in other communication contexts. We have drawn on research which shows that cultural activities give more space to speak and play a role in learning.Our thesis work is in the field of oral teaching in FLE and more particularly the acquisition of the lexicon. In our corpus analysis, we retained the deictic I and first person marks, interesting in the sense that language acquisition aims to communicate with others in the target language. We also analyzed the subjective verbs favoring the taking charge of an evaluative utterance and finally, the adjectives, used to describe both objectively and subjectively the environment.Our research work was carried out with 32 adult migrants to whom we offered cultural places selected as being conducive to triggering speech. Each speech during the sessions was recorded and transcribed.During our analysis, we observed that the participants who had undergone a strong social downgrading made a link with their personal cultural references. In addition, we also noted that the senses mobilized in cultural places trigger memories that encourage participants to express themselves. These speeches enabled some participants to use adjectives to describe the characteristics of a place or an object and to express an interest in the cultural place.We also tried to verify whether the lexicon used in the context of the discovery sessions of cultural places could be transferable to other communication situations, by confronting the participants in a professional interview. This mock interview was also offered to witness participants who had not attended the cultural discovery sessions. This step made it possible to observe that the participants who followed sessions in cultural places use on average more adjectives and verbs than the control groups to describe an experience or a professional competence and strategically use the quality adjectives in the aim to promote themselves to the recruiter.
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Submitted on : Friday, February 4, 2022 - 11:10:04 AM
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Elise Gandon. La découverte des lieux de culture pour faciliter l'expression orale : recherche-action avec des adultes migrants en formation linguistique. Linguistique. Université de Lorraine, 2021. Français. ⟨NNT : 2021LORR0168⟩. ⟨tel-03556977⟩



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