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Les CDR : un relais militant original du « gaullisme d’ordre » des années 68 (1968-1978).

Abstract : The Gaullist family experienced major political and cultural upheavals throughout 1968. Faced with the barricades and unrest of 1968, it saw the Gaullist power waver. In reaction to the "chienlit", the most conservative fringe gathered to fight against the alleged "Marxist subversion" at work. The events of May-June 1968 marked the birth of "Gaullism of order" and the original organizations that emerged from it, such as the Comités de défense de la République (CDR). The CDR appeared during these troubles and developed an unprecedented vertical organization within the Gaullist movements. They used modern propaganda to speak for the "silent majority", which they sought to represent in all strata of society. In order to carry out an effective opposition to the parties of the left and the extreme left accused of leading "subversion", the movement carried out a double action: antisubversive (identifying and denouncing the networks and the manipulation speeches of the adversary) and counter-subversive (organizing the counter-attack on the ground). By expanding vast networks, the CDR hope to become a conservative lobby. The CDR shared common visions with the SAC, the CFT and the UNI, with whom they constituted the "Gaullism of order," while maintaining a certain rivalry with them. The Committees carried out activities that were profoundly hostile to the "revolutionaries" and ardently defended "Participation". In full ascendancy during the end of General de Gaulle's term of office and then during Georges Pompidou's term of office, the CDR experienced a brutal decline with the defeat of Jacques Chaban-Delmas in the first round of the 1974 presidential elections. Indebted and incapable of renewing their political discourse, the CDR came to change to the Chirac party in the hope of surviving. The political upheavals that accompanied the Giscardian mandate and the assimilation of the organization by the RPR put an end to this thesis.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, February 15, 2022 - 4:14:30 PM
Last modification on : Friday, April 29, 2022 - 4:16:29 PM

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Bryan Muller. Les CDR : un relais militant original du « gaullisme d’ordre » des années 68 (1968-1978).. Histoire. Université de Lorraine, 2021. Français. ⟨NNT : 2021LORR0177⟩. ⟨tel-03575825⟩



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