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Stratégies de puissance et conflictualité hybride : la Syrie (2011-2021) comme terrain d’expression des mutations de l’environnement stratégique global et régional

Abstract : Since 2010, the Middle East has sunk in a state of violence and has been confronted with the multiplication of crisis centers in which conflicts emerge and overlap.Researchers and Observers of the Middle East who have examined in depth the conflict dynamics at work and their implications since 2011 have provided analyses that generally focus on processes of social decomposition as the primary if not exclusive basis for conflictuality.Regional politics is said to be determined by local forces and dynamics rather than by external powers whose role in structuring conflicts is increasingly disqualified.However, the profound transformations that the Arab world is undergoing are no longer solely linked to internal structural factors.The multiplication and duration of the conflicts that are shaking this region openly question the deep mutations that have occurred on a global scale in a phase characterized by disorder and strategic competition to fill the relative power vacuum produced by the retreat of American hegemony, which has opened the way to the rise of new regional actors with their own ambitions for power.This multidisciplinary and multiscalar research analyzes the conflict configuration in Syria by distancing itself from the paradigm of "new conflictualities" which underestimate geopolitics dimension to account for the role of the strategies of regional and international state powers that have structured the field of conflict and overdetermined its trajectory.The narrowly transnationalist reading of the current world, which imposes its monolithism in the analysis of conflictuality and denies the relevance of concepts forged by geopolitics because it considers that the global context would be reshaped and worked in depth by social dynamics, does not make it possible to account for the nature of the conflict in Syria and its regional implicationsSyria appears as a model of war that crystallizes the changes in the global strategic environment and accelerates the geopolitical recompositions to come.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, February 16, 2022 - 10:27:37 AM
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Lina Kennouche. Stratégies de puissance et conflictualité hybride : la Syrie (2011-2021) comme terrain d’expression des mutations de l’environnement stratégique global et régional. Géographie. Université de Lorraine, 2021. Français. ⟨NNT : 2021LORR0218⟩. ⟨tel-03576565⟩

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