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Histoire de la "fin de l'Histoire"

Abstract : The aim of this thesis consists of the demonstration that the idea of "end of History", during its history, turned, from Kant to Fukuyama, from "prospective" conceptions into "retrospective" ones. In other words, the purpose of this work is to demonstrate that the idea of "end of History" has first been conceived as a juridical and politicial order that had still to come, and progressively has been conceived in such a way that this telos of "History" has been understood as of now present.Firstly, this work proposes a definition of the idea of « end of History », and will point out that this idea refers to a conception of « History » understood as a conception of universal history polarized by a immanent telos, that gives its signification and its orientation. Secondly, this work summarises the outlines of the philosophy of « History » of each philosopher, before showing that an idea of the « end of History » is included that, as the case may be in Kant, Hegel, Marx, Comte, Cournot, Kojève or Fukuyama’s works, is conceived as a not-yet which is still to come, or as an already present reality. Thirdly, this work wil summarize the juridical and political order that, for each philosopher, is thought to be the one that, when it comes to be an objective reality, definitely closes the teological process of « History ».Furthermore, the aim of this thesis is also to propose a typology of the ideas of "end of History", on the basis of some criteria revealed during the investigation, and which will be summarized in a table.Finally, this works proposes to understand the history of the idea of « end of History » as a part in the genealogy of the contemporary « presentism » theorized by F. Hartog.
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Submitted on : Friday, April 1, 2022 - 11:48:13 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-03627414, version 1


Florian Larminach. Histoire de la "fin de l'Histoire". Philosophie. Université de Lorraine, 2021. Français. ⟨NNT : 2021LORR0220⟩. ⟨tel-03627414⟩



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