Expected evolution of a Technosol derived from excavated Callovo-Oxfordian clay material

Abstract : Raw geological materials excavated then piled on large surface areas are submitted to pedogenetic factors. Knowledge of the evolution of this freshly exposed material is required to predict the newly developed Technosol and the corresponding ecosystem. The pedogenetic evolution of a Technosol developed on excavated Callovo-Oxfordian clay minerals (COx) is assessed from the analysis of natural soils developed on analogous materials. Work was based on the hypothesis that the evolution of raw geological materials could be deduced from that of natural soils on similar outcrops in similar climatic conditions. A comparison was made on the basis of mineralogical and geochemical criteria between the unweathered clays and soil material collected from the horizons of two reference pedons on a COx outcrop in North-Eastern France, used by forest or agriculture, and a 10-year-old Technosol derived from freshly excavated COx material piled under outdoor climatic conditions. Soil profiles were described and each sampled horizon was characterized for mineralogy, and physical and chemical properties. Soil profiles were classified as Vertic Stagnic Hypereutric Cambisol (Forest) and Vertic Stagnic Calcaric Cambisol (Meadow), and compared to the Calcaric Technosol (no vegetation yet). They clearly showed brunification and decarbonatization as the major processes having governed their evolution. Signs of clay leaching were also visible on the forest soil. A fairly good adequacy was observed between soil material sampled in the soil deep horizons (2.5 m), the Technosol deep horizon (1.7 m), and the freshly excavated material. Slight differences were recorded, however, i.e., salt loss (NaCl), sulfide oxidation, and precipitation of gypsum from sulfate and calcium released by decarbonatization, as earlier observed in leaching experiments. Salt loss is a rapid process almost completed to the same extent in the Technosol after 10 years than in the Calcaric Cambisol after centuries. The soil under forest showed signs of stronger pedogenetic evolution than the soil submitted to agriculture (meadow), probably because the latter has been refreshed by man-induced erosion. COx evolution can be predicted from the analysis of soils developed on similar outcrops. The Technosol developed on these carbonated materials would evolve as a result of extremely rapid leaching of the soluble phases, then surface enrichment of organic matter, surface decarbonatization, and progressive brunification of the whole profile as the major processes, and give rise to a Cambisol. Technosol study is an interesting approach for dating the age of pedogenetic processes.
Type de document :
Article dans une revue
Journal of Soils and Sediments, Springer Verlag, 2015, 15 (2), pp.332-346. 〈10.1007/s11368-014-1020-3〉
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Soumis le : jeudi 4 février 2016 - 12:42:24
Dernière modification le : mercredi 25 juillet 2018 - 11:13:12

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Nicolas Scholtus, Guillaume Echevarria, Louis Florentin, Marie-Laure Bonis, Philippe De Donato, et al.. Expected evolution of a Technosol derived from excavated Callovo-Oxfordian clay material. Journal of Soils and Sediments, Springer Verlag, 2015, 15 (2), pp.332-346. 〈10.1007/s11368-014-1020-3〉. 〈hal-01267377〉

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