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Multiscale hydrodynamic investigation to intensify the biogas production in upflow anaerobic reactors

Abstract : Hydrodynamics plays a main role for the performance of an anaerobic reactor involving three phases: wastewater, sludge granules and biogas bubbles. The present work was focused on an original approach to investigate the hydrodynamics at different scales and then to intensify the performance of such complex reactors. The experiments were carried out respectively in a 3D reactor at macroscale, a 2D reactor at mesoscale and a 1D anaerobic reactor at microscale. A Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV), a micro-PIV and a high-speed camera were employed to quantify the liquid flow fields and the relative motion between sludge granules and bubbles. Shear rates exerted on sludge granules were quantified from liquid flow fields. The optimal biogas production is obtained at mean shear rate varying from 28 to 48 s (1), which is controlled by two antagonistic mechanisms. The multiscale approach demonstrates pertinent mechanisms proper to each scale and allows a better understanding of such reactors.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-01275928
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Submitted on : Thursday, February 18, 2016 - 2:59:49 PM
Last modification on : Monday, May 25, 2020 - 11:30:03 PM

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Jiankai Jiang, Jing Wu, Jinbai Zhang, Souhila Poncin, Huai Z. Li. Multiscale hydrodynamic investigation to intensify the biogas production in upflow anaerobic reactors. Bioresource Technology, Elsevier, 2014, 155, pp.1-7. ⟨10.1016/j.biortech.2013.12.079⟩. ⟨hal-01275928⟩

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