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The base-of-slope carbonate breccia system of Cease (Tithonian, S-E France): Occurrence of progradational stratification in the head plug of coarse granular flow deposits

Abstract : Once interpreted as a deep-water canyon infilling and later as some kind of tempestite deposit, the Tithonian breccias of Cause are here reinterpreted as a small lobe deposit, emplaced at the mouth of a gully cutting into a slope between two deep-water terraces in the eastern part of the subalpine basin. The breccias belong to two basic categories: mostly grain-supported and occasionally mud-supported. Spectacular large-scale oblique geometries (apparent lateral accretions) are observed in the grain-supported breccias, both within the infilling of the lower feeder channel and in the updip part of the lobe. Detailed analyses of these geometries show that they correspond to progradational features. Both laterally and in a more distal position on the lobe, these progradational bodies evolve into a pile of unsorted massive breccias, sometimes showing a crude, even stratification. We thus propose a depositional model for the grain-supported breccias, linking the two facies as follows: the deposition of a gravity flow begins at the toe-of-slope (mouth of the tributary gully) by a progradational head which evolves downslope and laterally to a splay of massive or crudely stratified breccia. The internal oblique stratification flattens distally over a distance of a few kilometres. Elementary beds pile up in morphological compensation to build the 100 m thick breccia body of Case. Because the breccias are derived from the gravity-reworking of deep-water nodular carbonates, there is no sand-sized material available in the depositional system, or only a little probably produced through an erosive clast grain diminution process during transport. This explains why the thick breccia beds pass quickly eastward to thin-bedded mud turbidites.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-01276845
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Submitted on : Saturday, February 20, 2016 - 5:43:48 PM
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Serge Ferry, Danièle Grosheny, Nicolas Backert, François Atrops. The base-of-slope carbonate breccia system of Cease (Tithonian, S-E France): Occurrence of progradational stratification in the head plug of coarse granular flow deposits. Sedimentary Geology, Elsevier, 2015, 317 (SI), pp.71-86. ⟨10.1016/j.sedgeo.2014.07.001⟩. ⟨hal-01276845⟩

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