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Electrochemical Impedance Model of a (Low-cost) Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell

Abstract : Dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) have been considered as a potential efficient tool for conversion of solar energy to electricity. DSSC's rely upon the presence of a semi-conductor (e.g. TiO2) attached to the photoanode and a sensitizer (dye) for photogeneration of electrons at the SC interface. Most efficient DSSC's are based on Ru-organic coordination complexes as sensitizer, however the finite availability of Ru led to search for other dyes, being organic molecules or other metal-coordination complexes. The efficiency of the cell can be greatly affected by recombination of generated electrons by several processes in the cell, so co-adsorbents - organic molecules - can be added to the dye to hinder recombination of the electrons by shielding the TiO2 surface. The present investigation deals with an impedance model tested for the case of a Ru-free organic sensitizer in the presence of one co-adsorbent amongst three different molecules at various concentrations. Best performances of the cell evaluated by i-V curves and impedance spectroscopy have been observed for co-adsorbent/dye ratio near 0.1, but in most cases, addition of the co-adsorbent was shown to improve both the exchange current density for electron collection at the anode and that of recombination phenomena, which contradicts the usual belief.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, February 24, 2016 - 4:38:46 PM
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Robin Cisneros, Marc Beley, François Lapicque. Electrochemical Impedance Model of a (Low-cost) Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell. 10TH ESEE: EUROPEAN SYMPOSIUM ON ELECTROCHEMICAL ENGINEERING, 2014, Chia, Italy. pp.193-198, ⟨10.3303/CET1441033⟩. ⟨hal-01278692⟩



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