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Adiabatic modelling of CO 2 capture by amine solvents using membrane contactors

Abstract : The modelling of CO 2 chemical absorption using hollow fiber membrane contactors is addressed. A one-dimensional, multicomponent adiabatic model for the CO 2 absorption using an aqueous solution of monoethanolamine is established. The model is validated using both, laboratory and pilot-scale experiments. The simulation results are compared to those from an isothermal model in order to investigate the influence of heat release on contactor performance. When industrial relevant operating conditions are applied, the adiabatic simulations show significant axial temperatures peaks, up to 30 °C. Correspondingly, local gas-phase vapor molar fractions values of up to 0.4 are attained. If compared to simulations from an isothermal model, deviations of about 60% were obtained, thus clearly demonstrating the necessity of adiabatic modelling under industrial conditions. Intensification factors comprised of between 2 and 10, for external fiber radiuses in the range of 300–100 μm are attained. The mass transfer coefficient is varied from 10 À 4 to 10 À 3 m s À 1 which corresponds to experimentally observed values of microporous membranes that are presumably resistant to liquid breakthrough. However, wetting remains a major problem in microporous as well as composite membranes, as capillary condensation is likely to occur.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-01406746
Contributor : Denis Roizard <>
Submitted on : Thursday, December 1, 2016 - 3:05:30 PM
Last modification on : Friday, October 2, 2020 - 10:28:02 AM

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David Zaidiza, Bouchra Belaissaoui, Sabine Rode, Thibaut Neveux, Camel Makhloufi, et al.. Adiabatic modelling of CO 2 capture by amine solvents using membrane contactors. Journal of Membrane Science, Elsevier, 2015, 493, pp.106-119. ⟨10.1016/j.memsci.2015.06.015⟩. ⟨hal-01406746⟩

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