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Contribution of two conserved histidines to the dual activity of archaeal RNA guide-dependent and -independent pseudouridine synthase Cbf5

Abstract : In all organisms, several distinct stand-alone pseudouridine synthase (PUS) family enzymes are expressed to isomerize uridine into pseudouridine (Psi) by specific recognition of RNAs. In addition, Psi s are generated in Archaea and Eukaryotes by PUS enzymes which are organized as ribonucleoprotein particles (RNP) the box H/ACA s/snoRNPs. For this modification system, a unique TruB-like catalytic PUS subunit is associated with various RNA guides which specifically target and secure substrate RNAs by base-pairing. The archaeal Cbf5 PUS displays the special feature of exhibiting both RNA guide-dependent and -independent activities. Structures of substrate-bound TruB and H/ACA sRNP revealed the importance of histidines in positioning the target uridine in the active site. To analyze the respective role of H60 and H77, we have generated variants carrying alanine substitutions at these positions. The impact of the mutations was analyzed for unguided modifications U-55 in tRNA and U-2603 in 23S rRNA, and for activity of the box H/ACA Pab91 sRNP enzyme. H77 (H43 in TruB), but not H60, appeared to be crucial for the RNA guide-independent activity. In contrast to earlier suggestions, H60 was found to be noncritical for the activity of the H/ACA sRNP, but contributes together with H77 to the full activity of H/ACA sRNPs. The data suggest that a similar catalytic process was conserved in the two divergent pseudouridylation systems.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-01451676
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Submitted on : Wednesday, February 1, 2017 - 12:33:35 PM
Last modification on : Friday, June 11, 2021 - 3:34:20 AM

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Anne-Sophie Tillault, Jean-Baptiste Fourmann, Christine Loegler, Hans-Joachim Wieden, Ute Kothe, et al.. Contribution of two conserved histidines to the dual activity of archaeal RNA guide-dependent and -independent pseudouridine synthase Cbf5. RNA, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, 2015, 21 (7), pp.1233-1239. ⟨10.1261/rna.051425.115⟩. ⟨hal-01451676⟩

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