Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
New interface
Journal articles

Pneumocystis jirovecii Pneumonia in Patients with or without AIDS, France

Antoine Roux 1, 2 Emmanuel Canet 3 Sandrine Valade 4 Florence Gangneux-Robert 5 Samia Hamane Ariane Lafabrie 3 Daniéle Maubon 6 Anne Debourgogne 7 Soléne Le Gal 8 Fréderic Dalle 9 Marion Leterrier 10 Dominique Toubas 11, 12 Christelle Pomares 13 Anne Pauline Bellanger Julie Bonhomme Antoine Berry 14 Isabelle Durand-Joly 15 Denis Magne Denis Pons Christophe Hennequin 16, 17 Eric Maury 18, 19 Patricia Roux 20 
Abstract : Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PCP) in patients without AIDS is increasingly common. We conducted a prospective cohort study of consecutive patients with proven PCP; of 544 patients, 223 (41%) had AIDS (AIDS patients) and 321 (59%) had other immunosuppressive disorders (non-AIDS patients). Fewer AIDS than non-AIDS patients required intensive care or ventilation, and the rate of hospital deaths—17.4% overall—was significantly lower for AIDS versus non-AIDS patients (4% vs. 27%; p<0.0001). Multivariable analysis showed the odds of hospital death increased with older age, receipt of allogeneic bone marrow transplant, immediate use of oxygen, need for mechanical ventilation, and longer time to treatment; HIV-positive status or receipt of a solid organ transplant decreased odds for death. PCP is more often fatal in non-AIDS patients, but time to diagnosis affects survival and is longer for non-AIDS patients. Clinicians must maintain a high index of suspicion for PCP in immunocompromised patients who do not have AIDS.
Complete list of metadata
Contributor : SIMPA UL Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, May 28, 2020 - 3:35:58 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, November 22, 2022 - 3:44:17 AM


Emerging Infectious Disease jo...
Files produced by the author(s)



Antoine Roux, Emmanuel Canet, Sandrine Valade, Florence Gangneux-Robert, Samia Hamane, et al.. Pneumocystis jirovecii Pneumonia in Patients with or without AIDS, France. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 2014, 20 (9), pp.1490 - 1497. ⟨10.3201/eid2009.131668⟩. ⟨hal-01483948⟩



Record views


Files downloads