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A Comparative Study of Calorimetric Methods to Determine the Crosslinking Degree of the Ethylene-Co-Vinyl Acetate Polymer Used as a Photovoltaic Encapsulant

Abstract : EVA copolymer foils are widely used as encapsulants for photovoltaic (PV) cells in PV modules. These foils need to be crosslinked during module manufacturing, to enhance their properties. Accurate and reliable methods for the determination of their crosslinking degree are thus very important. In this work, two semi-empirical calorimetric methods are considered and compared to a scientifically sound rheological method used as a reference. The main purpose of this work is to reveal the chemical and physical fundamentals on which the two calorimetric methods are based, to allow for a scientific understanding of their advantages, and limitations. For one of these calorimetric methods, the so-called “Melt-Freeze” method, we have sought for a deeper understanding of the underlying crystallization physics through the use of successive selfnucleation and annealing experiments, which give access to the crystallite size distribution of EVA, and to the influence of crosslinking upon it.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-01485531
Contributor : Stéphane Ogier <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, March 8, 2017 - 11:58:56 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, February 25, 2021 - 11:04:53 AM

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Stéphane Ogier, Chloé Vidal, David Chapron, Patrice Bourson, Isabelle Royaud, et al.. A Comparative Study of Calorimetric Methods to Determine the Crosslinking Degree of the Ethylene-Co-Vinyl Acetate Polymer Used as a Photovoltaic Encapsulant. Journal of Polymer Science Part B: Polymer Physics, Wiley, 2017, ⟨10.1002/polb.24335⟩. ⟨hal-01485531⟩

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