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Journal Articles Nature Protocols Year : 2015

Generation of living cell arrays for atomic force microscopy studies

Abstract

Atomic force microscopy (AFM) is a useful tool for studying the morphology or the nanomechanical and adhesive properties of live microorganisms under physiological conditions. However, to perform AFM imaging, living cells must be immobilized firmly enough to withstand the lateral forces exerted by the scanning tip, but without denaturing them. This protocol describes how to immobilize living cells, ranging from spores of bacteria to yeast cells, into polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) stamps, with no chemical or physical denaturation. This protocol generates arrays of living cells, allowing statistically relevant measurements to be obtained from AFM measurements, which can increase the relevance of results. The first step of the protocol is to generate a microstructured silicon master, from which many microstructured PDMS stamps can be replicated. Living cells are finally assembled into the microstructures of these PDMS stamps using a convective and capillary assembly. The complete procedure can be performed in 1 week, although the first step is done only once, and thus repeats can be completed within 1 d.
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Dates and versions

hal-01495201 , version 1 (24-03-2017)

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Cécile Formosa-Dague, Flavien Pillet, Marion Schiavone, Raphaël E. Duval, Laurence Ressier, et al.. Generation of living cell arrays for atomic force microscopy studies. Nature Protocols, 2015, 10 (1), pp.199-204. ⟨10.1038/nprot.2015.004⟩. ⟨hal-01495201⟩
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