Kinetics of reduction of iron oxides by H2: Part I: Low temperature reduction of hematite

Abstract : his study deals with the reduction of Fe2O3 by H2 in the temperature range of 220–680 °C. It aims to examine the rate controlling processes of Fe2O3 reduction by H2 in the widest and lowest possible temperature range. This is to be related with efforts to decrease the emission of CO2 in the atmosphere thus decreasing its green house effect. Reduction of hematite to magnetite with H2 is characterized by an apparent activation energy ‘Ea’ of 76 kJ/mol. Ea of the reduction of magnetite to iron is 88 and 39 kJ/mol for temperatures lower and higher than 420 °C, respectively. Mathematical modeling of experimental data suggests that the reaction rate is controlled by two- and three-dimensional growth of nuclei and by phase boundary reaction at temperatures lower and higher than 420 °C, respectively. Morphological study confirms the formation of compact iron layer generated during the reduction of Fe2O3 by H2 at temperatures higher than 420 °C. It also shows the absence of such layer in case of using CO. It seems that the annealing of magnetite's defects around 420 °C is responsible for the decrease of Ea. The rate of reduction of iron oxide with hydrogen is systematically higher than that obtained by CO.
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Thermochimica Acta, Elsevier, 2006, 447, pp. 89-100. 〈10.1016/j.tca.2005.10.004〉
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Soumis le : jeudi 13 avril 2017 - 08:35:44
Dernière modification le : jeudi 11 janvier 2018 - 06:18:12

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Annye Pineau, Ndue Kanari, I. Gaballah. Kinetics of reduction of iron oxides by H2: Part I: Low temperature reduction of hematite. Thermochimica Acta, Elsevier, 2006, 447, pp. 89-100. 〈10.1016/j.tca.2005.10.004〉. 〈hal-01507352〉

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