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Disconjugacy, regularity of multi-indexed rationally extended potentials, and Laguerre exceptional polynomials

Abstract : The power of the disconjugacy properties of second-order differential equations of Schrodinger type to check the regularity of rationally extended quantum potentials connected with exceptional orthogonal polynomials is illustrated by re-examining the extensions of the isotonic oscillator (or radial oscillator) potential derived in kth-order supersymmetric quantum mechanics or multistep Darboux-Backlund transformation method. The function arising in the potential denominator is proved to be a polynomial with a nonvanishing constant term, whose value is calculated by induction over k. The sign of this term being the same as that of the already known highest degree term, the potential denominator has the same sign at both extremities of the definition interval, a property that is shared by the seed eigenfunction used in the potential construction. By virtue of disconjugacy, such a property implies the nodeless character of both the eigenfunction and the resulting potential.
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Y. Grandati, C. Quesne. Disconjugacy, regularity of multi-indexed rationally extended potentials, and Laguerre exceptional polynomials. Journal of Mathematical Physics, American Institute of Physics (AIP), 2013, 54 (7), pp.073512. ⟨10.1063/1.4815997⟩. ⟨hal-01513423⟩

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