Fast-grown CdS quantum dots: Single-source precursor approach vs microwave route

Abstract : A cross-disciplinary protocol of characterization by joint techniques enables one to closely compare chemical and physical properties of CdS quantum dots (QDs) grown by single source precursor methodology (SSPM) or by microwave synthetic route (MWSR). The results are discussed in relation with the synthesis protocols. The QD average sizes, reproducible as a function of the temperatures involved in the growth processes, range complementarily in 2.8-4.5 nm and 4.5-5.2 nm for SSPM and MWSR, respectively. Hexagonal and cubic structures after X-ray diffraction on SSPM and MWSR grown CdS QDs, respectively, are tentatively correlated to a better crystalline quality of the latter with respect to the further ones, suggested by (i) a remarkable stability of the MWSR grown QDs after exposure to air during several days and (ii) no evidence of their fragmentation during mass spectrometry (MS) analyses, after a fair agreement between size dispersities obtained by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and MS, in contrast with the discrepancy found for the SSPM grown QDs. Correlatively, a better optical quality is suggested for the MWSR grown QDs by the resolution of n > 1 excitonic transitions in their absorption spectra. The QD average sizes obtained by TEM and deduced from MS are in overall agreement. This agreement is improved for the MWSR grown QDs, taking into account a prolate shape of the QDs also observed in the TEM images. For both series of samples, the excitonic responses vs the average sizes are consistent with the commonly admitted empirical energy-size correspondence. A low energy PL band is observed in the case of the SSPM grown QDs. Its decrease in intensity with QD size increase suggests a surface origin tentatively attributed to S vacancies. In the case of the MWSR grown QDs, the absence of this PL is tentatively correlated to an absence of S vacancies and therefore to the stable behavior observed when the QDs are exposed to air.
Type de document :
Article dans une revue
Materials Chemistry and Physics, Elsevier, 2013, 142 (1), pp.52-60. 〈10.1016/j.matchemphys.2013.06.034〉
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Mathieu Fregnaux, Stéphane Dalmasso, Pierrick Durand, Yudong Zhang, Jean-Jacques Gaumet, et al.. Fast-grown CdS quantum dots: Single-source precursor approach vs microwave route. Materials Chemistry and Physics, Elsevier, 2013, 142 (1), pp.52-60. 〈10.1016/j.matchemphys.2013.06.034〉. 〈hal-01517847〉



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