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Nonrigid registration improves MRI T-2 quantification in heart transplant patient follow-up

Abstract : BackgroundTo evaluate the use of a nonrigid registration technique for detecting acute heart transplant rejection by MRI T-2 quantification. MethodsMyocardial T-2 quantification was achieved in 279 consecutive examinations from 78 different patients. The protocol consisted of 10 successive black-blood fast spin echo sequences with varying echo times, and a postprocessing based on image registration and exponential fitting. An automatic nonrigid registration method was applied to correct for myocardium misalignment. Finally T-2 values were compared with those obtained with a conventional rigid registration followed by manual correction. ResultsNonrigid registration was feasible in 98% of the datasets and was judged of higher quality compared with conventional processing (P<0.001). No significant difference was found in the clinical outcome (average septal T-2) between nonrigid and conventional registration (P=0.66). Interobserver variability was improved with 95% limits of agreement of 2.7 ms (against 3.7 ms with conventional registration). The quality of T-2 fitting, as assessed by the coefficient of determination R-2, was significantly improved (P<0.001). ConclusionNonrigid registration improves T-2 quantification in heart-transplant patient follow-up.J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2015;42:168-174.
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Submitted on : Friday, May 12, 2017 - 12:06:17 PM
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Freddy Odille, Jean-Marie Escanyé, David Atkinson, Bonnemains Laurent, Jacques Felblinger. Nonrigid registration improves MRI T-2 quantification in heart transplant patient follow-up. Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging, 2015, 42 (1), pp.168-174. ⟨10.1002/jmri.24741⟩. ⟨hal-01521787⟩



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