Relative bioavailability of soil-bound polychlorinated biphenyls in lactating goats

Abstract : Livestock may be exposed to organic pollutants via ingestion of contaminated matrices such as fodder or soil. The question on contribution of soil-bound polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) to livestock exposure was not yet considered. The aim of this study was to assess the relative bioavailability of soil-bound PCB by assessing milk excretion of indicator PCB (I-PCB) after ingestion by goats of graded levels of PCB (mainly PCB forms 153, 180, and 138) in soil-contaminated feeds or in oil-contaminated feeds. Eight multiparous Alpine goats were grouped in 4 pairs on the basis of body weight and milk yield. In each pair, one goat was assigned to the soil feeds and the other one to the oil feeds. The experiment consisted of a 7-d adaptation period, followed by a 96-d exposure period. The exposure period was divided into 3 successive 32-d periods during which each goat received either 3 soil feeds or 3 oil feeds, distributed in increasing rank of contamination. During the last week of each 32-d period, milk from each goat was collected during 3 successive 24-h periods, stored at -20 degrees C, and freeze dried before analysis (extraction by accelerated solvent extraction, followed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis). Bioavailability of I-PCB from soil or spiked oil feeds was estimated by means of the slope-ratio method from I-PCB concentration in milk in response to ingested I-PCB. Relative bioavailability was found to vary from 36 to 50% for PCB 118, 138, and 153 and it was 73% for PCB 180. When considered globally, the response obtained with the I-PCB was estimated to 51%. Relative bioavailability was not established for PCB 52 and 101, compounds known to be readily cleared and showing low concentrations in milk. For PCB 28, no significant interaction was found between matrix and dose. This experiment reveals that PCB bound to soil are potentially liberated from soil during the digestive process and may undergo absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion. Thus, soil has to be considered as a risk matrix for ruminants and rearing practices in contaminated areas should strictly reduce the risk of soil ingestion by the ruminants.
Type de document :
Article dans une revue
Journal of Dairy Science, American Dairy Science Association, 2013, 96 (6), pp.3916-3923. 〈10.3168/jds.2012-6319〉
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Cyril Feidt, Faycal Ounnas, Diane Julien-David, Stéfan Jurjanz, Herve Toussaint, et al.. Relative bioavailability of soil-bound polychlorinated biphenyls in lactating goats. Journal of Dairy Science, American Dairy Science Association, 2013, 96 (6), pp.3916-3923. 〈10.3168/jds.2012-6319〉. 〈hal-01561646〉



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