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Journal Articles Fire Safety Journal Year : 2017

A small-world network model for the simulation of fire spread onboard naval vessels

Abstract

This work is devoted to the development of a small-world network model to predict real-time fire spread onboard naval vessels. This model takes into account short-range and long-range connections between neighboring and remote network compartments. Fire ignition and flashover, as well as fire transmissions through the walls and ventilation ducts are simulated using time-dependent normal probability density functions. Mean durations of fire transmission through the walls and ducts are determined by a three-zone model and a one-dimensional CFD code, respectively. Specific experiments are conducted in a steel room, representative of a naval vessel compartment, in order to validate the zone model. Then a proof of concept is developed by applying the network model to a full-scale vessel mockup composed of 113 compartments on 7 decks. A statistical study is conducted to produce fire risk maps, classifying the vessel compartments according to their propensity to burn.
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Dates and versions

hal-01578409 , version 1 (29-08-2017)

Identifiers

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Ahmed Kacem, Christine Lallemand, Nathalie Giraud, Maxime Mense, Matthieu de Gennaro, et al.. A small-world network model for the simulation of fire spread onboard naval vessels. Fire Safety Journal, 2017, 91, pp.441-450. ⟨10.1016/j.firesaf.2017.04.009⟩. ⟨hal-01578409⟩
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