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La culture cinématographique du mouvement ciné-club : une histoire de cinéphillies (1944-1999)

Abstract : In the aftermath of World War II, film clubs were organized around an unprecedented social and cultural movement that rapidly spread throughout France. Following on from the early experiences of film lovers in the 1920s and 1930s, they now merge with the networks and ideals of popular education. From then on, this movement became one of the main places for the development of a cinematographic culture with multiple ramifications and various forms of expression. Borrowing from the social and cultural history of representations and the sociology of expertise, this work aims to study the film club movement between 1944 and 1999 by focusing primarily on its "structural model" (networks associations and federations) and its legal status (non-commercial regulations). In addition to this specific framework, there is a “cultural model” which is built around a reference film corpus and is expressed during the film club sessions following a precise outline: presentation of the film, showing and debate between the organizers and the members of the association. These different elements constitute a “film club pattern”, the observation of which makes it possible to analyze the dissemination of “legitimate” within a specific space and to study its effective application in this same space, by confronting it with tastes and practices of organizers and members. The present work thus attempts to define the cinematographic culture of film clubs, by studying the constitution and expansion of this popular education movement "by and for the cinema" in which four generations of film lovers who cross paths or succeeded each other for more than half a century. These interactions between a multitude of actors, objects and practices make it possible to assess the gaps between the speeches at the top (federations of film clubs) and the actual practices at the base of the movement (organizers and members). They thus question the emergence of a "film club cinephilia", a true common "cultivation" of a shared cinematographic culture.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, October 24, 2017 - 11:39:41 AM
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Léo Souillés-Debats. La culture cinématographique du mouvement ciné-club : une histoire de cinéphillies (1944-1999). AFRHC - Association française de recherche sur l'histoire du cinéma, 576 p., 2017, Histoire culturelle, 9782370290151. ⟨hal-01622269⟩

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