High salt intake abolishes AT2-mediated vasodilation of pial arterioles in rats - Université de Lorraine Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Hypertension Year : 2011

High salt intake abolishes AT2-mediated vasodilation of pial arterioles in rats

Abstract

Angiotensin II (Ang II) induces constriction (AT(1)) and dilation (AT(2) receptors) of cerebral arterioles. High sodium intake induces changes in receptors expression and loss of AT(2)-mediated vasodilation in extracerebral vessels. We investigated whether high salt modifies the AT(2)-mediated response of cerebral arterioles.Three-month-old male Wistar rats received drinking water supplemented or not with 1% NaCl. We measured at day 4 or 30 plasma aldosterone concentration, AT receptors expression (brain microvessels, western blot, RT-qPCR), internal diameter of pial arterioles (cranial window) following suffusion with Ang II (10(-6) mol/l, or 10(-8) mol/l + losartan 10(-5) mol/l), serotonin (5-HT, 10(-6) mol/l), sodium nitroprusside (10(-5) mol/l) and adenosine diphosphate (ADP, 10(-4) mol/l).High salt did not modify arterial pressure, baseline arteriolar diameter, vasoconstriction to Ang II or 5-HT, nor vasodilation to SNP. High salt lowered plasma aldosterone concentration (d4 138 ± 71 not significant vs. control 338 ± 73; d30 150 ± 21 P < 0.05 vs. control 517 ± 79 μmol/l). AT receptors mRNA did not change while protein level of AT(2) receptors decreased at d4 (64 ± 9% of control, P < 0.05). AT(2)-mediated vasodilation (control d4; d30 8 ± 2; 5 ± 2%) was abolished at d4 (-2 ± 2%, P < 0.05) and reversed to vasoconstriction at d30 (-7 ± 2%, P < 0.05). ADP-induced vasodilation is abolished at d30 (2 ± 2, P < 0.05 vs. control 19 ± 4%).High salt specifically abolishes AT(2)-mediated vasodilation, immediately, via decreased level of AT(2) receptor protein, and after 30 days, in association with abolition of endothelial vasodilation. Such loss of AT(2)-mediated vasodilation may be deleterious in case of stroke.
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hal-01646675 , version 1 (23-11-2017)

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Sébastien Foulquier, François Dupuis, Caroline Perrin-Sarrado, Katy Maguin Gate, Faten Merhi-Soussi, et al.. High salt intake abolishes AT2-mediated vasodilation of pial arterioles in rats. Journal of Hypertension, 2011, 29 (7), pp.1392-1399. ⟨10.1097/HJH.0b013e328347050e⟩. ⟨hal-01646675⟩
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