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ITPA Genotypes Predict Anemia but Do Not Affect Virological Response with Interferon-Free Faldaprevir, Deleobuvir, and Ribavirin for HCV Infection

Abstract : Background & Aim Whether inosine triphosphatase (ITPA) gene polymorphisms predict anemia during interferon-free therapy in chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected patients is unknown. We examined the relationship between two ITPA polymorphisms, anemia, and sustained virological response 12 weeks post-treatment (SVR12) in patients receiving the NS3/4A protease inhibitor faldaprevir, the non-nucleoside polymerase inhibitor deleobuvir, and ribavirin. Methods HCV genotype 1-infected, treatment-naïve patients (N = 362) were randomized and treated in one of five treatment arms with faldaprevir and deleobuvir with or without ribavirin. Two ITPA polymorphisms (rs1127354 and rs6051702) were genotyped and defined as ITPA-deficient (rs1127354 AA or AC; rs6051702 CC or CA) or ITPA-non-deficient (rs1127354 CC; rs6051702 AA) according to their association with ITPA deficiency. Baseline and on-treatment variables associated with anemia and SVR12 were identified using logistic regression. Results In the pooled ribavirin-containing arms, 10.1% (32/316) of patients experienced on-treatment hemoglobin <10 g/dL, and 32.6% (103/316) experienced on-treatment hemoglobin <10 g/dL or a change from baseline ≥3.5 g/dL. Of the latter group, 99% (102/103) had the ITPA-non-deficient rs1127354 genotype. Other variables associated with on-treatment hemoglobin <10 g/dL or a decrease ≥3.5 g/dL were age, baseline hemoglobin, rs6051702 genotype, and plasma ribavirin concentration. In a multivariate analysis, high plasma ribavirin concentration, low baseline hemoglobin, HCV genotype 1b, and IL28B genotype CC were associated with higher SVR12. Conclusions The ITPA rs1127354 CC and rs6051702 AA genotypes may predict ribavirin-induced anemia during treatment with interferon-free, ribavirin-containing regimens. With this interferon-free regimen, SVR was associated with ribavirin levels, but not with anemia or ITPA genotypes.
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Tarik Asselah, Stefan Zeuzem, Vicente Soriano, Jean-Pierre Bronowicki, Ansgar Lohse, et al.. ITPA Genotypes Predict Anemia but Do Not Affect Virological Response with Interferon-Free Faldaprevir, Deleobuvir, and Ribavirin for HCV Infection. PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2015, 10 (12), ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0144004⟩. ⟨hal-01680992⟩



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