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Étude comparative des insertions du Latissimus dorsi sur la crête iliaque chez l’homme et dans le chimpanzé (Pan troglodytes)

Abstract : INTRODUCTION: Comparing to other primates, one of the most important specificities of the human anatomy are consequences of bipedalism. Although bone consequences are well known (lumbar lordosis, horizontal position of the foramen magnum, lengthening of the lower limbs, reduction of the pelvis, specialization of the foot), consequences of our locomotion on the Latissimus dorsi are still unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One dissection of a chimpanzee Latissimus dorsi (Pan troglodytes) has been performed and compared to 30 human Latissimus dorsi dissections (10 fresh cadavers and 20 formoled cadavers). In each dissection, the existence of direct muscular insertions on the iliac crest has been investigated and the constitution of the thoracolumbar fascia has been described. RESULTS: In chimpanzee dissection, a muscular direct insertion of the Latissimus dorsi was present on the iliac crest of 9 cm long. The TLF was made of the superficial and the deep fascias of the Latissimus dorsi and the superficial fascia of the erector spinae muscles which was deeper. In man, there was no direct muscular insertion of the Latissimus dorsi in 90 % of cases, the TLF was constituted the same way. CONCLUSION: This study suggests that the Latissimus dorsi has been separated from the iliac crest in man during the evolution because of the permanent bipedalism and that it stayed inserted on the iliac crest in chimpanzee because of the brachiation.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-01710121
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Submitted on : Thursday, February 15, 2018 - 4:04:16 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, December 7, 2021 - 4:46:02 PM

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C. Vacher, S. Ben Hadj Yahia, M. Braun, P. Journeau. Étude comparative des insertions du Latissimus dorsi sur la crête iliaque chez l’homme et dans le chimpanzé (Pan troglodytes). Morphologie, Elsevier Masson, 2014, 98 (320), pp.27 - 31. ⟨10.1016/j.morpho.2013.08.001⟩. ⟨hal-01710121⟩

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