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Three-dimensional study of macro- and mesosegregation formation in a rectangular cavity cooled from one vertical side

Abstract : In metal alloys the solidification process leads to heterogeneities in chemical composition, which result in macroscopic (on the scale of the product) and mesoscopic (on the scale of several grains) segregation structures in the casting. Mesosegregations are a severe form of segregation in which solute concentration changes abruptly with respect to the surrounding regions and can induce structural heterogeneities in the casting. In this paper we move on from [1,2], in which channel mesosegregations and their numerical prediction were studied on a two-dimensional configuration – a small (10 × 6 cm) ingot of a Sn-10wt%Pb binary alloy. We extend the study to a slender three-dimensional cavity (10 × 6 × 1 cm) and we investigate three-dimensional effects in the formation of channel mesosegregations in a columnar mushy zone. We investigate the effects of the three-dimensionality on the structure of channels in the mushy zone and of channel mesosegregations. We present the influence of the permeability of the mushy zone on the channel structures. We show that channels can form either as lamellar or as tubular structures: at higher permeability secondary instabilities across the cavity thickness promote a transition from lamellar to tubular channels.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-01710318
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Valerio de Felice, Knut Tveito, Miha Založnik, H. Combeau, M. M'Hamdi. Three-dimensional study of macro- and mesosegregation formation in a rectangular cavity cooled from one vertical side. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, IOP Publishing, 2012, 33, ⟨10.1088/1757-899X/33/1/012088⟩. ⟨hal-01710318⟩

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