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Lack of correlation between the ventilatory response to CO2 and lung function impairment in myotonic dystrophy patients: Evidence for a dysregulation at central level

Abstract : Myotonic dystrophy Type 1 (DM1) is the most common muscular dystrophy in adults. Respiratory failure is common but clinical findings support a dysregulation of the control of breathing at central level, furthermore contributing to alveolar hypoventilation independently of the severity of respiratory weakness. We therefore intended to study the relationship between the ventilatory response to CO2 and the impairment of lung function in DM1 patients. Sixty-nine DM1 patients were prospectively investigated (43.5 ± 12.7 years). Systematic pulmonary lung function evaluation including spirometry, plethysmography, measurements of respiratory muscle strength, arterial blood gas analysis and ventilatory response to CO2 were performed. Thirty-one DM1 patients (45%) presented a ventilatory restriction, 38 (55%) were hypoxaemic and 15 (22%) were hypercapnic. Total lung capacity decline was correlated to hypoxaemia (p = 0.0008) and hypercapnia (p = 0.0013), but not to a decrease in ventilatory response to CO2 (p = 0.194). Ventilatory response to CO2 was reduced to 0.85 ± 0.67 L/min/mmHg and not correlated to respiratory muscle weakness. Ventilatory response to CO2 was neither different among restricted/non-restricted patients (p = 0.2395) nor among normoxaemic/hypoxaemic subjects (p = 0.6380). The reduced ventilatory response to CO2 in DM1 patients appeared independent of lung function impairment and respiratory muscle weakness, suggesting a central cause of CO2 insensitivity.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-01713156
Contributor : Devah Ul <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, February 20, 2018 - 11:32:39 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 13, 2020 - 10:46:32 AM

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Mathias Poussel, Catherine Thil, Pierre Kaminsky, Magalie Mercy, Emmanuel Gomez, et al.. Lack of correlation between the ventilatory response to CO2 and lung function impairment in myotonic dystrophy patients: Evidence for a dysregulation at central level. Neuromuscular Disorders, Elsevier, 2015, 25 (5), pp.403 - 408. ⟨10.1016/j.nmd.2015.02.006⟩. ⟨hal-01713156⟩

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