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Is there a cause-and-effect relationship between physicochemical properties and cell behavior of alginate-based hydrogel obtained after sterilization?

Abstract : Alginate-based hydrogel scaffolds are widely used in the field of cartilage regeneration and repair. If the effect of autoclaving on the alginate powder is well known, it is not the same for the possible effects of the sterilization UV treatment on the properties of the hydrogel after polymerization. To select an effective sterilization treatment of alginate-based materials, one must find what are inter-relationship between the characteristics (chemical, physical and mechanical) of alginate-based hydrogel during sterilization, and what consequences have affected on cell behavior. In this study, we investigated the influence of UV sterilization treatments (UV-1 and UV-2: 25 and 50min, respectively) and autoclaving to obtain alginate (Alg)/hyaluronic acid (HA) hydrogel, as well as further evaluated the relationship between physicochemical properties and cell behavior of Alg/HA hydrogel after UVs and autoclaving. The physicochemical properties of this mixture at the powder or polymerized states were analyzed using ATR-FTIR, HPLC-SEC, rheological, indentation testing and sterility testing. The cell behaviors of hydrogels were evaluated by cell viability and proliferation, and chondrogenic differentiation. The effects of treatment parameters and their correlation with the others characteristics were determined statistically by Principal Component Analysis (PCA). In this study, we have shown that the cell behavior in alginate-based hydrogels was not only regulated by physicochemical properties (as molar mass or/and viscosity), but also associated with the controlling of sterilization time. It can provide a basis for choosing an effective method of sterilization, which can keep the mechanical or physical-chemical properties of Alg-based hydrogel scaffold and maintain its cytocompatibility and its ability to induce chondrogenesis from mesenchymal stem cells.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-01715258
Contributor : Céline Huselstein <>
Submitted on : Thursday, February 22, 2018 - 3:10:56 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, June 1, 2021 - 10:04:03 AM

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Hao Yu, Ghislaine Cauchois, Jean-François Schmitt, Nicolas Louvet, Jean-Luc Six, et al.. Is there a cause-and-effect relationship between physicochemical properties and cell behavior of alginate-based hydrogel obtained after sterilization?. Journal of the mechanical behavior of biomedical materials, Elsevier, 2017, 68, pp.134 - 143. ⟨10.1016/j.jmbbm.2017.01.038⟩. ⟨hal-01715258⟩

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