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Le français tchaté des souffrants sous l’effet de l’immédiateté d’un genre bref

Abstract : The present contribution aims to understand how and why texts are brief, beyond the necessity of being short. It is based on language facts, all attested in a corpus. The corpus we will subject to analysis, concerns the theme of suffering: it has been set up by a suicide prevention association, which we call here "Association Y"; and it consists of several hundred chats, collected between 2005 and 2015, including only full texts whose selection is justified because they belong to the same praxis, we call the “suffering speech”, and to the same discursive genre: chats. As we will deal with the relation between temporality, briefness and chat interactions, we will proceed in three steps. First, we will present the corpus as well as the theoretical framework and the computerised tools we use to describe the characteristics common to the texts of the sufferers, and thus the specificity of the chat, caracterised as a brief genre. In a second step, we will focus on the ethical conditions that are specific to the associative environment where the sufferers use (write and send) chats in order to put in a narrative way their story: thus, we will analyse the ethos of the interactants in relation to the question digital anonymity, and then we will show how external conditions impact the discursive materiality of this brief genre. We will conclude on the way the temporal forms of the “brief” regulate globally the different levels of the text. Special attention will be given, from a discursive point of view, to two specific cases, that of punctuation and that of morpho-syntactic shortening processes, both being specific to synchronous exchanges, and characteristic to this brief genre: thus, we will show how the configuration of the temporality in the chats of our corpus determines the textuality (texture and textualisation) of this discursive genre.
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Conference papers
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-01719480
Contributor : Rudy Hahusseau <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, February 28, 2018 - 11:28:39 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 15, 2019 - 1:28:11 AM

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  • HAL Id : hal-01719480, version 1

Citation

Driss Ablali. Le français tchaté des souffrants sous l’effet de l’immédiateté d’un genre bref. Colloque international Le genre bref : son discours, sa grammaire, son énonciation, Université Aoyama Gakuin (Tokyo, Japon), Mar 2017, Tokyo, Japon. pp.205-224. ⟨hal-01719480⟩

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