Analyzing hydrocarbons in sewer to help in PAH source apportionment in sewage sludges

Abstract : A multi-molecular approach for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) source apportionment in sewage sludge was tested. Three simple catchment areas with corresponding wastewater treatment plants (WWTP) were chosen. Sewage sludges of these WWTPs chronically exceeded the French guide values for PAHs. Aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons were quantified in sediments or wastewater suspended particulate matter sampled in different locations of the sewer as well as in sewage sludge. Various molecular indices including PAH ratios were calculated. The results showed that the ratios calculated from sewage sludge analyses provided a rather unspecific hydrocarbon fingerprint where combustion input appear as the main PAH sources. The complexity of the inputs as well as degradation occurring during wastewater treatment prevent any detailed diagnosis. Coupled to the analyses of samples collected in the sewer, the multi-molecular approach becomes more efficient especially for the identification of specific petroleum inputs such as fuel or used lubricating oils which can be important PAH sources. Indeed, the sampling in the sewer allows a spatial screening of the hydrocarbon inputs and facilitates the PAH source apportionment by avoiding the dilution of specific inputs with the whole wastewater inputs and by limiting the degradation of the molecular fingerprint that could occur during transfer and treatment in the WWTP. Then, the combination of PAH ratios and aliphatic distribution analyses is a very valuable approach that can help in sewer and WWTP management.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-01760357
Contributor : Laurence Mansuy-Huault <>
Submitted on : Friday, April 6, 2018 - 11:20:00 AM
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Laurence Mansuy, Annette Regier, Pierre Faure. Analyzing hydrocarbons in sewer to help in PAH source apportionment in sewage sludges. Chemosphere, Elsevier, 2009, 75 (8), pp.995-1002. ⟨10.1016/j.chemosphere.2009.01.059⟩. ⟨hal-01760357⟩

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