Suspended Particulate Matter Collection Methods influence the Quantification of Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds in the River System

Abstract : In this study, we compared the influence of two different collection methods, filtration (FT) and continuous flow field centrifugation (CFC) on the concentration and the distribution of polycyclic aromatic compounds (PACs) in suspended particulate matter (SPM) occurring in river waters. SPM samples were collected simultaneously with FT and CFC from a river during six sampling campaigns over two years, covering different hydrological contexts. SPM samples were analyzed to determine the concentration of PACs including 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), 11 oxygenated PACs (O-PACs) and 5 nitrogen PACs (N-PACs). Results showed significant differences between the two separation methods. In half of the sampling campaigns, PAC concentrations differed from a factor 2 to 30 comparing FT and CFC collected SPMs. The PAC distributions were also affected by the separation method. FT-collected SPM were enriched in 2-3 ring PACs whereas CFC-collected SPM had PAC distributions dominated by medium to high molecular weight compounds typical of combustion processes. This could be explained by distinct cutoff threshold of the two separation methods and strongly suggested the retention of colloidal and/or fine matter on glass-fiber filters particularly enriched in low molecular PACs. These differences between FT and CFC were not systematic but rather enhanced by high water flow rates.
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Fayez Abuhelou, Laurence Mansuy, Catherine Lorgeoux, Delphine Catteloin, Valéry Collin, et al.. Suspended Particulate Matter Collection Methods influence the Quantification of Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds in the River System. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, Springer Verlag, 2017, 24 (28), pp.22717-22729. ⟨10.1007/s11356-017-9840-5⟩. ⟨hal-01760448⟩

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