Agonists of peroxisome proliferators-activated receptors (PPAR) α, β/δ or γ reduce transforming growth factor (TGF)-β-induced proteoglycans' production in chondrocytes

Abstract : OBJECTIVE: To investigate the potency of selective agonists of peroxisome proliferators-activated receptors' (PPAR) isotypes (alpha, beta/delta or gamma) to modulate the stimulating effect of transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) on proteoglycans' (PGs) synthesis in chondrocytes. METHOD: Rat chondrocytes embedded in alginate beads and cultured under low serum conditions were exposed to TGF-beta1 (10 ng/ml), alone or in combination with the following agonists: Wy14643 for PPARalpha, GW501516 for PPARbeta/delta, rosiglitazone (ROSI) for PPARgamma, in the presence or absence of PPAR antagonists (GW6471 for PPARalpha, GW9662 for PPARgamma). PGs' synthesis was evaluated by radiolabelled sulphate incorporation and glycosaminoglycans' (GAGs) content by Alcian blue staining of beads and colorimetric 1.9 dimethyl-methylene blue assay after beads' solubilization. Phosphorylation of Extracellular Signal-related Kinase1/2 (ERK1/2), Smad2/3 and p38-MAPK was assessed by Western Blot and production of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) by Enzyme immuno-assay (EIA). Levels of mRNA for PPAR target genes [acyl-CoA oxidase (ACO) for PPARalpha; mitochondrial carnitin palmitoyl transferase-1 (CPT-1) for PPARbeta/delta and adiponectin for PPARgamma], aggrecan, TGF-beta1 and genes controlling GAGs' side chains' synthesis were quantified by real time polymerase chain reaction and normalized over RP29 housekeeping gene. RESULTS: ACO was selectively up-regulated by 100 microM of Wy14643, CPT-1 by 100 nM of GW501516 and adiponectin by 10 microM of ROSI without cell toxicity. TGF-beta1 increased PGs' synthesis by four-fold, GAGs' content and deposition by 3.5-fold and six-fold, respectively, while inducing aggrecan expression around 10-fold without modifying mRNA levels of GAGs' controlling enzymes. PPAR agonists inhibited the stimulating effect of TGF-beta1 by 24-44% on PGs' synthesis and over 75% on aggrecan, GAGs' content and deposition with the following rank order of potency: ROSI>GW501516> or =Wy14643. TGF-beta1-induced phosphorylation of Smad2/3 and ERK1/2 was reduced by ROSI over GW501516 but not by Wy14643 whereas stimulated PGE2 production was inhibited by Wy14643 over GW501516 but not by ROSI. The effect of PPAR agonists on PPAR target genes and TGF-beta1-induced aggrecan expression was reversed selectively by PPAR antagonists. CONCLUSION: In chondrocytes' beads, PPAR agonists reduced the stimulating effect of TGF-beta1 on PGs by inhibiting TGF-beta1-induced aggrecan expression in an isotype-selective manner. Thus, PPAR agonists could be deleterious in situation of cartilage repair although being protective in situation of cartilage degradation.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-01777485
Contributor : Jean-Yves Jouzeau <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, April 24, 2018 - 5:43:05 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 25, 2018 - 1:30:10 AM

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M. Koufany, Patrick Netter, Arnaud Bianchi, Sylvie Sébillaud, Jean-Yves Jouzeau, et al.. Agonists of peroxisome proliferators-activated receptors (PPAR) α, β/δ or γ reduce transforming growth factor (TGF)-β-induced proteoglycans' production in chondrocytes. Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, Elsevier, 2007, 15 (5), pp.493 - 505. ⟨10.1016/j.joca.2006.10.009⟩. ⟨hal-01777485⟩

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