Musique et communication : effets d’un atelier musical sur les compétences verbales et nonverbales de l’enfant avant 3 ans

Abstract : In 2001, the Agence Nationale d’Accréditation et d’Evaluation en Santé (A.N.A.E.S.) recognizes the psycho-socio-cultural components as part of the risk factors for the development of communication and language. Since then, other studies have shown the importance of the home environment and earlyinteractions in the development ofcommunication. Furthermore,links between music and language have been discussed many times in the literature. More and more studies suggest that the music has a therapeutic power. Besides, relationships were established between brain plasticity, language acquisition and musical skills, which is an important argument for early intervention. So, we assume that music could be an appropriate therapeutic approach to ameliorate children’s communication skills, when they have been exposed to psychological, sociological or cultural risk factors. This study will measure the effects of a music intervention on the verbal and non -verbal skills, with children under 3 years from vulnerable backgrounds. For this, we observed 8 children from the pouponnière (the structure of the Aide Sociale à l’Enfance, for children from 0 to 3 years), who enjoyed musical interventions. The analysis of these observations showed quantitative and qualitative changes in children's communication : increase verbal and non-verbal productions, strengthening the contact status and stimulation of the use of essential prereq uisites for the development of communication. Because of the small sample size, results we have obtained must be qualified. However they remain encouraging and allow to considering music as a tool for rehabilitation and prevention of communication disorders.
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Master thesis
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Ségolène Remy. Musique et communication : effets d’un atelier musical sur les compétences verbales et nonverbales de l’enfant avant 3 ans. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2015. ⟨hal-01832852⟩

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