Impact of Internal RNA on Aggregation and Electrokinetics of Viruses: Comparison between MS2 Phage and Corresponding Virus-Like Particles

Abstract : We compare for the first time the electrokinetic and aggregation properties of MS2 phage (pH 2.5 to 7, 1 to 100 mM NaNO3 electrolyte concentration) with those of the corresponding virus-like particles (VLPs), which lack entirely the inner viral RNA component. In line with our previous work (J. Langlet, F. Gaboriaud, C. Gantzer, and J. F. L. Duval, Biophys. J. 94:3293-3312, 2008), it is found that modifying the content of RNA within the virus leads to very distinct electrohydrodynamic and aggregation profiles for MS2 and MS2 VLPs. Under the given pH and concentration conditions, MS2 VLPs exhibit electrophoretic mobility larger in magnitude than that of MS2, and both have similar isoelectric point (IEP) values (4). The electrokinetic results reflect a greater permeability of MS2 VLPs to electroosmotic flow, developed within/around these soft particles during their migration under the action of the applied electrical field. Results also support the presence of some remaining negatively charged component within the VLPs. In addition, MS2 phage system- atically forms aggregates at pH values below the IEP, regardless of the magnitude of the solution ionic strength, whereas MS2 VLPs aggregate under the strict condition where the pH is relatively equal to the IEP at sufficiently low salt concentrations (<10 mM). It is argued that the stability of VLPs against aggregation and the differences between electrokinetics of MS2 and corresponding VLPs conform to recently developed for- malisms for the stability and electrohydrodynamics of soft multilayered particles. The differences between the surface properties of these two kinds of particles reported here suggest that VLPs may not be appropriate for predicting the behavior of pathogenic viruses in aqueous media.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-01891208
Contributor : Christophe Gantzer <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, October 9, 2018 - 1:27:22 PM
Last modification on : Friday, March 8, 2019 - 1:14:15 AM

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C. Dika, J. Duval, H. Ly-Chatain, C. Merlin, C. Gantzer. Impact of Internal RNA on Aggregation and Electrokinetics of Viruses: Comparison between MS2 Phage and Corresponding Virus-Like Particles. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, American Society for Microbiology, 2011, 77 (14), pp.4939 - 4948. ⟨10.1128/AEM.00407-11⟩. ⟨hal-01891208⟩

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