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Titania and silica nanoparticles coupled to Chlorin e6 for anti-cancer photodynamic therapy

Abstract : In this study, light-sensitive photosensitizers (Chlorin e6, Ce6) were linked to TiO2 and SiO2 nanoparticles (NPs) in order to develop new kinds of NP-based drug delivery systems for cancer treatment by PDT. TiO2 or SiO2 NPs were modified either by the growth of a polysiloxane layer constituted of two silane reagents ((3-aminopropyl)triethoxysilane (APTES) and tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS)) around the core (PEGylated NPs: TiO2@4Si-Ce6-PEG, SiO2@4Si-Ce6-PEG) or simply modified by APTES alone (APTES-modified NPs: TiO2-APTES-Ce6, SiO2-APTES-Ce6). Ce6 was covalently attached onto the modified TiO2 and SiO2 NPs via an amide bond. The absorption profile of the hybridized NPs was extended to the visible region of the light. The physicochemical properties of these NPs were explored by TEM, HR-TEM, XRD, FTIR and zeta potential. The photophysical characteristics including the light absorption, the fluorescence properties and the production reactive oxygen species (1O2 and HO) were also addressed. In vitro experiments on glioblastoma U87 cells were performed to evaluate the photodynamic efficiency of the new hybridized NPs. The cells were exposed to different concentrations of NPs and illuminated (λexc = 652 nm, fluence rate 10 J/cm2). In contrast to the PEGylated NPs, the APTES-modified nanosystems were found to be more efficient for PDT. An interesting photodynamic effect was observed in the case of TiO2-APTES-Ce6 NPs. After illumination, the viability of U87 was decreased by 89% when they were exposed to 200 μg/mL of TiO2-APTES-Ce6 NPs, which corresponds to 0.22 μM of Ce6. The same effect can be obtained with free photosensitizer but using a higher concentration of 10 μM of Ce6.
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Submitted on : Friday, November 16, 2018 - 4:28:18 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, February 24, 2022 - 12:33:08 PM



Zahraa Youssef, Valérie Jouan-Hureaux, Ludovic Colombeau, Philippe Arnoux, Albert Moussaron, et al.. Titania and silica nanoparticles coupled to Chlorin e6 for anti-cancer photodynamic therapy. Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy, 2018, 22, pp.115-126. ⟨10.1016/j.pdpdt.2018.03.005⟩. ⟨hal-01925410⟩



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