Age-related differences in the visual processes implied in perception and action: Distance and location parameters

Abstract : The aim of the two present experiments was to examine the ontogenetic development of the dissociation between perception and action in children using the Duncker illusion. In this illusion , a moving background alters the perceived direction of target motion. Targets were held stationary while appearing to move in an induced displacement. In Experiment 1, 30 children aged 7, 9, and 12 years and 10 adults made a perceptual judgment or pointed as accurately as possible, with their index finger, to the last position of the target. The 7-year-old children were more perceptually deceived than the others by the Duncker illusion but there were no differences for the goal-directed pointing movements. In Experiment 2, 50 children aged 7, 8, 9, 10, and 11 years made a perceptual judgment or reproduced as accurately as possible, with a handle , the distance traveled by the target. Participants were perceptually deceived by the illusion, judging the target as moving although it was stationary. When reproducing the distance covered by the target, children were unaffected by the Duncker illusion. Our results suggest that the separation of the allocentric visual perception pathway from the egocentric action pathway occurs before 7 years of age.
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Christina Rival, Isabelle Olivier, Hadrien Ceyte, Chantal Bard. Age-related differences in the visual processes implied in perception and action: Distance and location parameters. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, Elsevier, 2004, 87 (2), pp.107-124. ⟨10.1016/j.jecp.2003.10.003⟩. ⟨hal-02003852⟩

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