Multi-phonon (percolation) behavior and local clustering of CdxZn1−xSe-cubic mixed crystals (x ≤ 0.3): A Raman–ab initio study

Abstract : We present a polarization-dependent pure transverse-optic (TO) Raman study of high-quality Cd x Zn 1−x Se single crystals with zincblende (cubic) structures (x 0:3) covering both the phonon and phonon-polariton variants of the TO modes, using suitable backward and near-forward scattering geometries, respectively. Insight into the native phonon regime of the phonon-polaritons is obtained at intermediate composition of the random crystal (x ¼ 0:5, 0:3) and at the (Cd,Zn)-dilute limits (x 0:1; using prototype impurity motifs) by applying ab initio codes to large supercells (64-216 atoms), with special attention to both the Raman intensities and the phonon frequencies. The experimental (Raman) and theoretical (ab initio) results converge onto a percolation-type three-phonon [1 Â (Cd-Se), 2 Â (Zn-Se)] pattern for Cd x Zn 1−x Se. On the practical side, the interplay between the oscillator strengths of the two Zn-Se Raman modes is used to diagnose a pronounced trend toward local clustering in the studied crystals, presumably an early sign of the composition-induced zincblende ⇿ wurtzite structural transition (x 0:3). The deviation from the ideal Zn ⇿ Cd random substitution is estimated by working out a zincblende-version of the percolation model equipped with a relevant order parameter κ. The model is based on a sensitivity of the Zn-Se vibration to its local environment at the second-neighbor scale, independently supported by ab initio calculation of the Raman spectra in their dependence on κ (adjusted by simulated annealing)
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Mohamad Baker Shoker, Olivier Pagès, Hamadou Dicko, V. Torres, Andrei Postnikov, et al.. Multi-phonon (percolation) behavior and local clustering of CdxZn1−xSe-cubic mixed crystals (x ≤ 0.3): A Raman–ab initio study. Journal of Applied Physics, American Institute of Physics, 2019, 126 (10), pp.105707. ⟨10.1063/1.5111106⟩. ⟨hal-02289768⟩

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